Rhetorical Research Outline
A. Background on Islamophobia: Islamophobia is the fear against Muslims in the Western society. The term Islamophobia was first created in 1922 by Etienne Dinet, a French Orientalist painter who throughout his career became interested in Arabic culture and Islam. However, it escalated in 2000 due to the attacks carried out by Islamic extremists (violent Islamic activists) to the western society. The small quantities of Islamic extremists have portrayed all Muslims to be dangerous. They have ruined the reputation of Muslims and have caused many attacks on innocent Muslims. Many people in the United States now picture every single Muslim as an Islamic extremist. For the past ten years most of the population in America has become Islamophobic. B. Role of rhetorical devices: Writers use rhetorical devices to construct sentences designed to persuade a reader towards an opinion. C. Thesis: Throughout 2005 to 2013, nonfiction writers have used effective rhetorical devices like ethos, logos, and rhetorical questions to persuade readers that Islamophobia was created due to 9/11, the media, and Islamic extremists. II. 9/11
A. Discussion: The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States On that Tuesday morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger jets, intending to fly them in suicide attacks into targeted buildings. The events following 9/11 marked a significant turning point for Muslims. Discrimination and hatred rose sharply against Muslims. B. Support: Many journalists used the rhetorical device, ethos in their articles to prove the hatred for Muslims started after 9/11. Ethos refers to the credibility of the person stating the facts. Many writers persuaded the reader by citing professional sources. For example, Goal Auzeen in his article, “The Silenced Victims of 9/11: Part I’’ on...
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