Unit 4222-616 Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects 1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of Medication
The Medication Acts 1968
The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973
Safe Management of Controlled Drugs Regulations 2006
Health and Social Care Act 2008
Care Quality Commissions’ regulations
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 1999 Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005
Mental Capacity Act 2005
Mental Capacity Act Code of Practice
Nottingham and Nottinghamshire Joint Policy Procedures on the Mental Capacity Act 2010 Company’s Medication Handbook
1.2 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects General Sales List medicines (GSL) –licensed medications that can be purchased over the counter in shops, supermarkets and pharmacies e.g. Ibuprofen These medications have been assessed as being safe for the general public to obtain without an increased risk of causing any harm. They are limited in their quantities and pack size, and are usually of a weaker strength. They must have all the correct dosage instructions on the packaging along with an information leaflet. Pharmacy medicines (P) – medications that can only be sold in pharmacies. These pharmacies should be registered and supervised by qualified pharmacist. e.g. Paracetamol 100 tablets These medicines can be stronger than the GSL equivalent and can be sold in greater quantities. The pharmacist and their staff can check that the medicine is suitable for the customer to help prevent side effects and interactions with other drugs. Prescription Only Medicines (POM) – medications that must be prescribed by a qualified medical practitioner and can be dispensed by a pharmacist or doctor.e.g. Ventolin inhaler These medicines will be prescribed for a particular patient at a certain dosage, with specific instructions that must be included on the label by the pharmacist. These drugs must never be used by anyone other than the person named on the label. Controlled Drugs (CD) – Medications that must be prescribed by a qualified medical practitioner and must be stored securely. They must also be recorded when dispensed. E.g. Morphine The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971) gives advice regarding the control of the strongest types of drugs (usually painkillers), which can be subject to abuse and that need special recording and storage.
1.3 Identify medication which demands the measurement of specific physiological measurements Body temperature check – treatment of fever
Blood sugar level check – treatment of diabetes, before administering insulin Pulse check – for heart irregularities, such as digoxin
Blood pressure check – after administering medication that is used for lowering blood pressure Regular blood tests – if the individual is taking warfarin
1.4 Describe the common adverse reactions to medication, how each can be recognized and the appropriate action(s) required Common adverse reactions may include diarrhea, skin rashes, sickness, swelling, blistering of the skin, wheezing. They can be recognized by reading the side effects on medication boxes, packets, or contacting a pharmacist. In these cases you should contact doctors or hospital so the person suffering from a side effect can be treated appropriately. 1.5 Explain the different routes of medicine administration
Oral – the most common and convenient route of medicine administration in the forms of tablets, capsules etc. Sublingual – offers quick absorption.
Rectal – unpredictable absorption and not convenient.
Topical – directly into the affected area, such as asthma inhalers. Parenteral – generally it means mainly injections directly into the body through the skin.
1.6 Explain the types, purpose and function of materials and equipment needed for the administration of...
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