616 Administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects
1.1 The current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication are: the Health and Safety at Work Act, Control of Substances Hazard to Health, the Medicines Act, the Misuse of Drugs Act, the Health and Social Care Act and Essential Standards, the RPS Handling Medicines in Social Care Guidelines, Health Act 2006.
2.1 The most common type of medication would be:
Analgesics: analgesics are used ease mild and moderate pain, such as head-aches or body-aches. The most known one would be Paracetamol (Acetaminophen). The possible side effects are light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath. It can also cause allergic reactions such as abdominal pain, constipation, rash, itching, irritation to the stomach, liver damage and sleep disturbances.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics fight bacteria in the human body. It is used to treat different types of infections such as ear infection, bladder infection, pneumonia and salmonella. Some individuals might be allergic to penicillin so they have to take non based penicillin antibiotic. The possible side effects of antibiotics are: fungal infection such as thrust, sores on your mouth, fever, swollen glands, joint pain, muscle weakness, severe blistering, peeling and red skin rash, yellow skin, yellowing of eyes, dark coloured urine, confusion or weakness, easy bruising, vaginal itching.
Anti-hypertensive: medicine used to lower blood pressure, also effective in the treatment of congestive heart failure and to improve survival after an heart attack. Possible side effects of anti-hypertensive: feeling faint, restricted urination, stomach swelling, flu like symptoms, heart palpitations, chest pains, skin rash, depressed mood, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Ferrous Sulphate (iron supplements): These iron supplements are to replace the minerals That the body needs to produce red blood cells.
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