Unit 616 – Administer medication to individuals and monitor the effects.
Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to the administration of medication
1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication
Know about common types of medication and their use
2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects
2.2 Identify medication which demands the measurement of specific physiological measurements
2.3 Describe the common adverse reactions to medication, how each can be recognised and the appropriation action(s) required
2.4 Explain the different routes of medicine administration. Inhalation Inhalers and nebulisers are used for individuals who have respiratory conditions as these deliver the medication directly to the lungs.
Oral This is medication that is taken via the mouth. This can be in the form of tablets and capsules. If an individual finds it difficult to swallow tablets oral medication is also available in liquids, suspensions and syrups. Sublingual medications are for example when tablets are placed under the tongue to dissolve quickly.
Transdermal Transdermal medications come in the form of patches that are applied to the skin normally to the chest or upper arm. They work by allowing the medication to be released slowly and then absorbed. For example, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) patches and nicotine patches.
Topical Topical medications come in the form of creams and gels and are applied directly to the skin surface usually to treat skin conditions.
Instillation Instillation medications come in the form of drops or ointments and can be instilled via the eyes, nose or ears. Drops can be used for ear or eye infections. Nose sprays are used for treating for example hay fever.
Intravenous Intravenous medication enters directly into the veins and absorbed quickly. This route can only be done by a doctor or trained nurse.
Rectal/Vaginal Rectal medications are absorbed very quickly. Suppositories are available and are given into the rectum. Pessaries are given into the vagina. Only after training can these medications be administered.
Subcutaneous Subcutaneous medications are injected just beneath the skin i.e. insulin is administered in this way. Only after training can these medications be administered. Intramuscular Intramuscular medication is injected directly into the large muscles in the’;oiuytrsa\
Understand procedures and techniques for the administration of medication
3-1 Explain the types, purpose and function of materials and equipment needed for the administration of medication via the different routes.
Gloves must be worn and hands washed before and after when administering medication by all routes.
For those with respiratory difficulties Inhalers are used and can be either worked by the individual when they breathe in or set automatically to activate when the individual breathes in which is measured by the doctor prescribing this. Nebulisers can also be used and work differently; a liquid is placed into a chamber at the base of a mask, a fine mist of the medication is released into the mask and the individual inhales. Oral This is medication that is taken via the mouth commonly in the form of tablets; using a non-touch technique these should be administered; direct from the MDS system if being used which is tablets and capsules only contained in blister packs. Medication cups and spoons can be used to administer these. Some tablets must not be crushed as this can change how the medication works,
Transdermal Transdermal medications come in the form of patches that are applied to the skin; the locations of where they should be applied and how to change these will be explained in the instructions that come with...
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