In the begining of 1910s century no body know that BMW started as a manufacturer of aircraft engines. In october 1913 Karl Friedrich Rapp establishes “Rapp Motorenwerke” in a former biycle factory near munich. Rapp was a engineer who arrise through the Daimler system and “Rapp Motorwerke” was set up as a subsidiary of “Flugwerk”, an airplane maker. He starts manufacturing his own aircrafts but unfortunately they suffered form problems with vibration. Close to Rapp´s factory, Gustav Otto, the son of the inventor of the four-stroke internal combustion engine sets up a business building small aircrafts. Otto enjoys great success with "Gustav Flugmaschinefabrik". In the 1920 The tough business climate at the end of WW1 made Castiglioni to sell his holdings for 28 million Reichsmarks to the chief executive of Knorr Bremsen AG. With only a few aircraft engines on order, BMW was struggling and started to manufacture brake systems for railway cars, office furniture, and workbenches, as well as cut-down aviation engines for marine and industrial use. In these conditions, the company had to think to other products and so BMW starts building motorcycle engines. In 1920, Martin Stolle and Max Frizdesign the M2 B 15 engine for the "Victoria" motorcycle from Nürnberg. This was the first BMW motorcycle engine and it was produced between 1920 and 1922. 1928 marks the beginning in terms of the BMW car. BMW buys the car factory at Eisenach/Thuringia and with it the license to build a small car called the Dixi 3/15. The BMW Dixi was the competition for the Austin 7. The BMW Dixi DA/1 (DA standing for Deutsche Ausfuhrung) is essentially the german version. The first Dixis used an open roof and were powered by a 743cc 4 cylinder engine producing 15 horsepower. Top speed was in the neighborhood of 50 mph (80 km/h). The Dixi 3/15 PS was built under license from Austin and was essentially the same model as the US Bantam and the Japanese Datsun. In 1929 a new...
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