Alcohol and Smoking During Pregnancy

Topics: Childbirth, Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome Pages: 2 (795 words) Published: February 6, 2013
Dec. 12, 2012
Instructor: Fontana
Disadvantages during Pregnancy
Depression during pregnancy may result in drinking and smoking during pregnancy. A glass of wine or a puff on a cigarette is a part of many women's social lives. But if you're pregnant, whatever you take into your body reaches your baby too. Alcohol and smoking can all have a negative effect on developing babies. It can also cause mental and physical birth defects, increases the risk of low birth weight, and preterm labor. To begin with, depression is a mood disorder that affects 1 in 4 women at some point during their lifetime. It is not diagnosed properly during pregnancy because people think it is just another type of hormonal imbalance. This assumption can be dangerous for the mother and the unborn baby. Depression that is not treated can have possible dangerous risks to the mother and baby. Untreated depression can lead to poor nutrition, drinking, smoking, and suicidal behavior, which can then cause premature birth, low birth weight, and developmental problems. A woman who is depressed often does not have the strength or desire to tolerably care for herself or her developing baby. Babies born to mothers who are depressed may also be less active, show less attention and are more irritable and agitated than babies born to moms who are not depressed. This is why getting the right help is so important for both mom and baby. However, babies that were born to women, who engaged in drinking during pregnancy, result in Fatal Alcohol Syndrome. Signs of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are often difficult to recognize in newborns, but red flags may include physical features, such as reduced birth weight and length, short eye openings, and a smaller head size. Pregnant women with higher alcohol consumption at any point during pregnancy were more likely to have a baby with a low birth weight than other pregnant women. Although many women are aware that heavy drinking during pregnancy...
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