Brooklyn Technical High School
America’s War in Afghanistan and Iraq
An analysis of America’s current wars
American History 1, Period 3
January 18, 2013
In the last decade, America has engaged in war in two middle-eastern countries. These countries are Afghanistan and Iraq. America has waged war against these countries for common reasons, but each war also had its unique cause for war. America had a just cause in its war in Afghanistan, but its participation in the war in Iraq is debated. Two presidents who had to lead and deal with these wars were President George Washington Bush who was in office from 2000 to 2008, and current President Barack Obama who came into office 2008 and is currently in office. Two administrations created by the following Presidents were the Bush administration and the Obama administration created by President George W. Bush and Barack Obama respectively. The legitimacy of these wars in these respective countries is on the minds of many Americans today.
The war in Afghanistan is also referred to as the war on terror. After the incidents that occurred on September 11, 2001 where terrorists leaded by Osama Bin Laden hijacked commercial airplanes and rerouted them to target the World Trade Center in New York City, New York, The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia and the White House located at America’s capital. The planes were successful in attacking the World Trade Center, which led to the collapse of the twin structures. The attack on the pentagon was also effective causing hefty damage to the national building, but the flight that targeted the white house failed its attack due to passengers on the flight resisting and acting against the hijackers of the flight. Many lives were taken that day. America was devastated and forever scarred by the events on that day. Rahman, 2
The Taliban and the terror organization known as Al-Queda were held responsible for the incident. Osama Bin Laden had released video footage claiming responsibility for the act of terror. The United States of America immediately responds on September 17, 2001. Under the Bush administration the U.S offers the Taliban an Ultimatum, to hand over Osama Bin Laden or face retaliation by the United States and its allies. The details of the Ultimatum are as follows, that the Taliban hand over all leaders of Al Queda that hide in the land and give the U.S total access to terrorist training camps to ensure they are no longer operating. The Taliban rejects this Ultimatum offered by the Bush administration which directly results in America sending armed forces to Afghanistan to apprehend the Taliban and its leaders. The current status of the War in Afghanistan was reflected in the New York Times article “U.S Abandoning Hopes for Taliban Peace Deal.” The article states, “The once ambitious American plans for ending the war are now being replaced by the far more modest goal of setting the stage for the Afghans to work out a deal among themselves in the years after most Western forces depart.” (Rosenberg and Norland, A7) This excerpt expresses the Afghans’ method of reaching a deal. They are trying to establish one amongst themselves in order to find peace with Americans.
The United States’ involvement with the country of Iraq was due to information suggesting that the nation of Iraq had ownership of nuclear weapons of mass destruction. In 1988, Iraq cleanses itself of all the United Nations’ weapon inspectors by getting rid of them. This action heightens the concerns and suspicions of the United Nations. The U.N proceeds to Rahman, 3
pass the resolution of 1441, which required the return of the weapons inspectors of the United Nations back into Iraq. Iraq rejected this resolution. On March 20, 2003, the war in Iraq had officially begun. Under the Bush administration, President George Washington Bush pledges to disarm Iraq and free its people from the control of the tyrant...
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Bowley, Graham. "Freewheeling Afghan City Fearful of U.S Pullout." The New York Times [New York City] n.d.: n. pag. Print.
MatthewÂ E.Â Griffith, MD; DonaldÂ R.Â Lazarus, MD; PaulÂ B.Â Mann, PhD; JohnÂ A.Â Boger, MD; DuaneÂ R.Â Hospenthal, MD, PhD; ClintonÂ K.Â Murray, and MD. "Acinetobacter Skin Carriage Among US Army Soldiers Deployed in Iraq." JSTOR. The University of Chicago Press, 16 May 2007. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
Moreau, Sami Yousafzai,Ron. " 'You Have the Watches, We Have the Time '" The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 02 Oct. 2011. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
Rosenberd, Matthew, and Rod Norland. "U.S Abandoning Hopes for Taliban Peace Deals." The New York Times [New York City] n.d.: n. pag. Print.
Rubin, Barnett R. "Saving Afghanistan." ELibrary. Foreign Affairs, 1 Jan. 2007. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
Sidky, H. "War, Changing Patterns of Warfare, State Collapse, and Transnational Violence in Afghanistan: 1978-2001." JSTOR. Cambridge University Press, 2007. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
"Special Report: A Glimmering of Hope - Iraq, a Year On; Iraq, a Year on." ELibrary. Economist, 20 Mar. 2004. Web. 17 Jan. 2013.
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