This study utilizes data from the:
Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) of Philippines during 1998 and 2003 Composed of nationally representative surveys of Filipinas aged 15–49. Designed to examine women’s reproductive behavior and health; thus, the survey collected detailed information on fertility, family planning, infant, child and maternal mortality, and maternal and child health in the Philippines. Defined a community by census tract. The analyses focused on currently cohabiting fecund women aged 15–49 who expressed an intention for future childbearing. This selection yielded a total of 6,849 women from 752 communities in 1998, and 6,773 women from 819 communities in 2003.
Issues emerged from the text due to the study’s limitations such as: Because this study consists of a secondary analysis of existing data, the key measures are somewhat limited. Due to a lack of specific information, this study could only estimate the impact of certain selected variables on pregnancy intention. The DHS surveys used as evidence did not collect data on work history so this analysis was unable to clearly distinguish between the work experiences of women, particularly when these women had a negative effect on pregnancy intention. Includes unmeasured situational factors leading to pregnancy intention, such as a good intimate relationship, that may contribute as to whether a cohabiting woman has an intention for a child or not. Although the survey data was collected carefully, the respondents were asked to report on pregnancy intention, which may raise the problem of uncertainty. Studies have shown that women may rationalize an unwanted pregnancy as a wanted birth or vice versa, depending on the pregnant outcomes. Due to data limitations, this analysis is unable to consider and/or assess such factors. Further research is essential to continue to explore how community context affects a woman’s pregnancy intention.
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