Task – CYPOP 1 Work with babies and young children to promote their development and learning
An explanation of the potential effects on development of babies and young children of the following experiences. All babies and young children can show different rates of development. It is often linked to experiences during conception, pregnancy and childbirth. pre-conceptual
Lifestyle of parents can have effect on child’s potential development and this is because men’s sperm and women’s ova can be very easily damaged. Those who are planning a child is recommended: quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol and drugs, use of folic acid. It is also recommended not too late to plan a child because of age, it is harder to get pregnant, and the quality of women's eggs is weaker. At the moment of conception a transfer of genetic information takes place, and unfortunately some medical condition and disabilities are the result of this genetic combination. pre-birth
Babies can be affected by the health of their mother as well as her lifestyle choices. Examples of factors that can affect development are: stress, diet or alcohol. The first 12 weeks of pregnancy is crucial, because during this time the foetus becomes recognisably human and all the organs are formed. During pregnancy should pay attention to certain issues and their impact on child’s development: Smoking
Smoking reduces the oxygen supply and affects growth and development of unborn baby. Very often it happens that children whose mother smokes during pregnancy are born prematurely in which also has an impact on their development. In these children increases the risk of cot death and predisposition to asthma. Substance abuse
The use of recreational or prescribed drugs may have a direct impact on the development of the foetus, especially during the first 12 weeks. Pregnant women recommended not taking any drugs unless they are prescribed by a doctor. Alcohol
Alcohol drunk during pregnancy can have negative effects on foetal development, especially in terms of cognitive development, especially the concentration (specific condition known as Foetal Alcohol Syndrome). Infections
Some infections during pregnancy can also have negative effects on the foetus. Especially dangerous are food poisoning, rubella (baby can have sight and haering problems) and sexually transmitted diseases such as genital herpes. Maternal health
Some women can develop complication during pregnancy, including diabetes and pre-eclampsia (a life threatening condition in late pregnancy that often requires babies to be born earlier). Untreated condition can affect the health of both mother and baby. Maternal diet
Diet during pregnancy has a very large impact on the development of the foetus. Women are advised to take folic acid at least the first 12 weeks. Important role in the diet also plays an iron, why it is advisable to eat red meat, green vegetables, dried apricots and fortified breakfast cereals. The diet of a pregnant woman should be balanced, rich in dairy products, vegetables, fruits and plenty of fluids. However, it’s recommend avoiding certain products like unpasteurized cheeses and soft cheeses (they contain the bacteria listeria, which can cause miscarriage, premature birth or other diseases), old cuts of meat, pates, smoked fish or ready meals (also contains listeria), raw or partially cooked eggs ( can cause salmonella food poisoning), raw and undercooked meat and raw shellfish ( can be a source of food poisoning).
The process of birth can present different dangers for both mother and baby, which is why is important to monitored before and during the birth. Most women give birth vaginally, but sometimes a Caesarean section (a surgical procedure when baby is removed from the womb via the abdomen) is given – for example when women carrying triples or there are some difficulties when giving a birth. The main danger for babies during the labour is lack of oxygen...
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