Discuss the advantages and disadvantages that you perceive might be associated with both hospital and home births
This essay discusses the perceived advantages and disadvantages associated with both hospital and home births. It explores the history, modern day trends and the costs behind each birth environment and focuses on the health and safety aspects of caesareans and epidurals. Giving birth in a hospital is by far the most popular choice of expectant couples in the UK, with around 94% of women choosing to give birth in an NHS maternity unit (CQC, 2010). Offering medical experts, emergency equipment and pain-relieving drugs on hand, it has become the norm amongst society today (Babycentre,2011). Furthermore it will look into the low rate of homebirths using varied statistics to see if they correlate with the disadvantages and advantages associated with giving birth at home. In the early 1900’s, having a baby at home was the trend and hospitals provided the medical supplies necessary for illness and emergencies. However, in the 1950s it was actively discouraged by the health service which ran campaigns to persuade mothers to go into hospital to give birth (The Good Birth, 2010). Today, hospitals are the main resource for deliveries, while home births have become much less widely used. This is evidently shown in the figures released by the Office of National Statistics showing that in 2010, even with the historically high birthrate, only 2.5% women chose to deliver at home, in comparison to 34% in 1959, this is a dramatically steep decline. A common misconception associated with home births is that they are unsafe however BBC news reported “Giving birth at home is as safe as doing so in hospital with a midwife”. Home births can be a better delivery option than hospital births for low risk mothers as it reduces the use of unnecessary medical intervention, such as caesarean section, it also reduces the exposure of potentially harmful drugs, and is also more...
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