Education in Pakistan

Topics: Literacy, Pakistan, History of education Pages: 2 (708 words) Published: June 27, 2013
Education in Pakistan is overseen by the government's Ministry of Education and the provincial governments, whereas the federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research. The article 25-A of Constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years. “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.[3]

The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels: primary (grades one through five); middle (grades six through eight); high(grades nine and ten, leading to the Secondary School Certificate or SSC); intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate or HSC); and university programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees.[4]

The literacy rate ranges from 87% in Islamabad to 20% in the Kohlu District.[5] Between 2000—2004, Pakistanis in the age group 55–64 had a literacy rate of almost 30%, those aged between 45–54 had a literacy rate of nearly 40%, those between 25–34 had a literacy rate of 50%, and those aged 15–24 had a literacy rate of 60%.[6] Literacy rates vary regionally, particularly by sex. In tribal areas female literacy is 7.5%.[7]Moreover, English is fast spreading in Pakistan, with 18 million Pakistanis[8] (11% of the population)[8] having a command over the English language, which makes it the 9th Largest English Speaking Nation[9] in the world and the 3rd largest in Asia.[8] On top of that, Pakistan produces about 445,000 university graduates and 10,000 computer science graduates per year.[10] Despite these statistics, Pakistan still has one of the highest illiteracy rates in the world.[11]

Education Expenditure as Percentage of GDP

Public expenditure on education lies on the fringes of 2 percent of GDP. However, the government...
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