Factor and Hazards in Infant Development

Topics: Pregnancy, Fetus, Childbirth Pages: 2 (587 words) Published: November 4, 2013


Factors and Hazards of Infant Development
Chanelle McDonald
Rasmussen College

Author Note
This paper is being submitted on November 3rd 2013, for Rachael Loucks EC100 Section 09 Foundations of Child Development course.

Factors and Hazards of Infant Development
There are many factors and hazards in this world that can influence an infant’s development, even before birth. There are so many it’s hard to choose which ones are the most important to remember and/or understand. I feel that drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and doing drugs all are huge factors and hazards for an infant’s development during pregnancy and after. Alcohol during pregnancy, I believe is one of the most importation and biggest hazard to a fetus. Drinking can put the mother and fetus at risk for several different reasons. For example small body size and weight, miscarriages, still births (About.com 2013). When a women is drinking on a regular basis it limits her dietary intake that she and the fetus need to grow. Drinking during pregnancy can also have an effect on the fetus development. The alcohol interferes with his ability to get enough oxygen and nourishment for normal cell development in the brain and other body organs. This can cause the most damage during the women’s first trimester, when the body structures and organs are forming, such as the heart, brain and nervous system. Another hazard during pregnancy, I believe that has an effect on the fetus is smoking cigarettes. Smoking along with drinking alcohol crosses the placental barrier and interferes with fetal development. While smoking can cause problems with the placenta, which is the only was your fetus can get food and oxygen. Smoking just like Drinking can put the fetus at risk for several reasons. For example Low-birth weight, birth defects, premature birth (CDC 2013). “Smoking during and after pregnancy is a risk factor of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). SIDS is an infant death for which a cause...

References: About.com 2013
http://alcoholism.about.com/cs/preg/a/aa070997.htm
CDC 2013
http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/tobaccousepregnancy/
Baby Center 2013
http://www.babycentre.co.uk/a541318/illegal-drugs-in-pregnancy
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