HSC 3047

Topics: Prescription drug, Pharmacology, Food and Drug Administration Pages: 5 (1742 words) Published: November 19, 2014
1.1. Identify the legislation that governs the use of medication in social care settings - The following legislations have a direct impact on the handling of medications within a social care setting: ·The Medicines Act 1968: basis for licensing, sale, supply and manufacture of medicines. ·The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971: this Act is designed to control the use of dangerous or potentially harmful drugs such as opiates (drugs which are derived from opium plants). This Act also is designed to prevent the misuse of controlled drugs. ·The Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001: Act which intends to prevent the non-medicinal use of certain drugs, particularly those that can lead to dependency (example: morphine) and other drugs and medicines which are derived from opium. ·The Health Act 2006: It is an Act provided strengthened governance and monitoring arrangements for controlled drugs. ·The Misuse of Drugs Safe Custody Regulations 2007: relates to handling, storing and keeping records about controlled drugs. ·The Health and Social Care Act 2008: It identifies the responsibilities of the Registered Manager in a care setting for protecting people in relation to the risks presented by medicines. 1.2. Outline the legal classification system for medication

- The classification of medicines are all related to The Medicines Act 1968, while working with medication it is good to have an understanding and working knowledge of the common types of medications. There are 3 categories of classified medicines under The Medicine Act 1968: * Prescription only medicines (POM): these medicines can only be obtained through prescriptions. Examples: antibiotics, anti-depressants, opiates based painkillers, heart and diabetes medications. Over the counter or pharmacy medicines (OTC or PO): these are available only from a registered pharmacist but without a prescription. Examples: smaller packs of paracetamols (packs of 32s) and ibuprofen up to 400 mg. General Sales List (GSL): these are medicines that may be bought from any shop without a prescription and without the need for a pharmacist. Examples: analgesics, antacids, antiseptic gels and ointments. * Controlled Drugs (CDs): these are prescription only medicines, defined as ‘’potentially addictive’’ and therefore are subject to additional legal requirements under the Misuse of Drugs Act. They are the subject of abuse when taken without a medical reason. Examples: diamorphine, fentanyl and methylphenidate.  

1.3. Explain how and why policies and procedures or agreed ways of working must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements. - Policies and procedures must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements as the policies and procedures are set out through legislation in the first place. Policies and procedures which are put into place are to ensure that legislation is being followed so that all people in the care setting are safe and that all needs are being met up to the standard and within the law. Policies and procedures must reflect on legislation to ensure they are carrying out tasks such as administering medications in the correct manner.  OUTCOME 2

2.1. Identify common types of medication
- The common types of medicines includes the following: antibiotics (amoxicillin), analgesics(paracetamol), antacids (gaviscon), anticoagulants (warfarin), diuretics (furosemide), laxatives (lactulose), antihistamines, psychotropic medicines, cytotoxic medicines. 2.2. List conditions for which each type of medication may be prescribe - The conditions that each type of medications may be prescribed are: antibiotics (used to fight infections), analgesics (used to relieve pain), antacids (used to relieve indigestions), anticoagulants (used to prevent blood clotting following a heart attack, thrombosis and some surgical procedures), diuretics (used to get rid of excess fluids in the body), laxatives (used to alleviate constipation),...
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