Keller Graduate School of Management
Do You Have The Right To Expose your Fetus To Unnecessary Health Risk? When a woman becomes pregnant, there are several questions that come to mind. Prenatal care, dietary needs, cost, and parenting responsibilities. One of the ethical questions that I face as a hospital administrator is questions of ethics when the risk of a fetus is involved vs. the rights of a pregnant mother. Parenting is a very difficult job and being a pregnant women adds even more responsibilities. For a pregnant woman, drug abuse is doubly dangerous. According to (daily news, 2010) one hundred babies are born with drug withdrawal symptoms every month.Most of the baby organs and the neurological systems are developed as early as 10 weeks and drugs and alcohol can cause critical damage to vital organs.This can lead to a non viable fetus. In a normal healthy fetus you should see rapid growth and weight gain after the tenth week. During this time drugs and alcohol can damage organs that are still developing, such as the neurological system. Constant drug and alcohol usage can lead to miscarriage, premature delivery, low birth weight , and also underdeveloped lungs. The greatest danger is the low birth weight “low-birth weight babies require special care and run a much higher risk of severe health problems or even death”. (Murphy, 1998) In cases where women are convicted prior to delivery due to the results of drug testing or other diagnostic results poses quite a controversial delima. In the case of Whitner vs. South Carolina; the court found that the state’s statute includes a fetus within its definition of “child” and ruled that the “state was not violating Whitner’s Constitutional right of privacy by punishing her for endangering her child through an already illegal activity”. (Levine, 2010) To help understand the , I would like to provide a statistical fact 8.5% of pregnant women between the...
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Current Alcohol Use Among Pregnant Women in the US, 2011-2012) - See more at: http://www.drugwarfacts.org/cms/pregnancy
Drugs During Prgnancy
Heroin addiction in babies | Narconon Drug Rehab - www.DrugsNo.com. (n.d.). Narconon Drug Rehabilitation | Addiction Treatment Center - www.DrugsNo.com. Retrieved May 21, 2015, from http://www.drugsno.com/drug-rehab-news/drug-information/heroin-addicted-babies/
Hunter, M. (n.d.). Addicted Mother, Premature Addicted Baby -- Care Costs?. Electronic News Discussion Group With Moral Perspective. Retrieved May 22, 2015, from http://www.moralgroup.com/NewsItems/Health/p3.htm
Levine, C. (2010). Taking sides (13th ed.). Boston [Mass.: McGraw Hill Higher Education. Murphy, Sheilga (1998). Pregnant Women on Drugs. NJ: Rutgers University Press.
One hundred babies a month born with drug dependency
Pozgar, George (2007). Legal Aspects of Health Care Administration. ON : Jones & Bartlett Learning.State Responses to Substance Abuse Among Pregnant Women
Using Illegal Drugs during Pregnancy : American Pregnancy Association : American Pregnancy Association. (n.d.). Promoting Pregnancy Wellness : American Pregnancy Association. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth
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