Legislation and Proper Administration of Drugs

Topics: Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Medicine Pages: 7 (2176 words) Published: September 16, 2015
1.1

Legislation
The medicines Act (1986) – This act governs the manufacture and supply of medicines. The act also defines the categories of medicines, those that can only be supplied with a prescription, those that must be supplied by a pharmacist but do not need a prescription and those that can be brought on generally.

The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971) - The main purpose of the act is to prevent the misuse of controlled drugs. It puts in place the law that allows the production, supply and possession of Controlled drugs.

The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations (1973) - This act regulates how controlled drugs are stored. The Requirements change depending on the premises where the drugs are being stored.

The Handling of medicines in Social Care (2007) - This is published by the RPSGB and is very useful document covering all aspects of medication in a social care setting.

Health and Safety at work Act (1974) - The Act provides legal framework to promote, stimulate and encourage high standards of health and safety in the work place. Everyone has a duty to comply with this Act.

Health and Social Care Act (2008) - Provides standards that have to be met by those providing care.

Data Protection Act 1998 - When handling personal information about individuals you have a number of legal obligations to protect that information under the data protection act.

Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) - The COSHH Regulations impose a number of obligations on employers the object which is to promote safe working with potentially hazardous chemicals. Guidelines from the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain (RPSGB) is the regulatory body for pharmacists and provides guidelines and information.

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) - Was established as special Health Authority in April 1999 the role of NICE is to provide guidance, set quality standards and manage a national database to improve people’s health also to prevent and treat ill health.

The British National Formulary (BNF) - The BNF provides UK healthcare professionals with authoritative and practical information on the use of medicines.

The Commission on Human Medicines (CHM) - The Commission is regulatory body for medicines and healthcare products.

The Care Quality Commission (CQC) - The CQC regulate all organizations that provide care, they provide standards for organizations to adhere to. The regulation that is relevant to medication is Management of medicines regulation 13.

Organisational policy on medication - All organisations involved in the administration of medication has policies and procedures for the safe handling of medicines. The policy will cover Prescribing, dispensing, administration, storage and disposal. The medication policy is based on Acts of Parliament, Regulations and guidelines, Care Plans of the service user that state their needs and medication they are using.

2.1

Name: Analgesics (Paracetamol)
Effects: Analgesics are used to relieve pain such as headaches. Potential side effects: If taken over long periods of time potential side effects could include irritation of the stomach, liver damage and sleep disturbances.

Name: Antibiotics (Amoxicillin)
Effects: Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Potential side effects: Diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. Some people get a fungal infection such as thrush.

Name: Antidepressant (Cipramil)
Effects: Antidepressant work by changing the chemical balance in the brain and that can in turn change the psychological state of mind. Potential side effects: Blurred vision, dizziness, drowsiness, increased appetite, restless, shaking or trembling, difficulty in sleeping and decreased libido.

Name: Anticoagulants (Warfarin)
Effects: Anticoagulants are used to prevent blood clotting.
Potential side effects: Risk of excessive bleeding (Hemorrhage) passing blood...
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