Types of Man-Made Disaster
Man-Made hazards OR Anthropogenic hazards can
result in the form of a Man-Made disaster. In this
case, anthropogenic means threats having an
element of human intent, negligence, or error; or
involving a failure of a human-made system. This is
as opposed to natural hazards that cause natural
disasters. Either can result in huge losses of life
and property as well as damage to peoples' mental,
physical and social well-being.
• Terrorism is not new and even though it has been used since the early times of recorded history, it can be relatively hard to define terrorism. The United States Department of
Defense defines terrorism as:“the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are
generally political, religious, or ideological.”
OSAMA BIN LADEN
Osama bin Laden can be said as the most
dangerous and most wanted terrorist of all
time. By 1993, Osama had formed a secret
network known as Al Qaeda that comprised
of militant Muslims.
On May 1, 2011, American soldiers killed alQaida leader Osama bin Laden at his compound near Islamabad, Pakistan.
Intelligence officials believe bin Laden was
responsible for many deadly acts of
terrorism, including the September 11, 2001
attacks on the Pentagon and the World
1993 BOMBAY BOMBINGS
The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series
of 13 bomb explosions that took place in
Bombay, India on 12 March 1993. The
coordinated attacks were the most
destructive bomb explosions in Indian
history. The single-day attacks resulted in
over 350 fatalities and 1200 injuries.
The attacks were coordinated by Dawood
Ibrahim, don of the Mumbai-based
international organised crime syndicate
TRUCK BOMBING OF U.S. EMBASSIES
Prior to 9/11, acts of terror against the U.S.
centered largely on targets on foreign soil.
Such was the case with the 1998
bombings of the U. S. Embassies in
Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania. Truck bombs, carrying up to 17
tons of high explosives, were detonated
within minutes of each other at the site of
each embassy. Twelve Americans were
killed, and both embassies were heavily
• A nuclear blast is an explosion with intense light and heat, a damaging pressure wave, and widespread radioactive
material that can contaminate the air, water, and ground
surfaces for miles around. All nuclear devices cause
deadly effects when exploded, including blinding light,
intense heat (thermal radiation), initial nuclear radiation, blast, fires started by the heat pulse and secondary fires
caused by the destruction.
The three factors for protecting oneself from radiation and fallout are distance, shielding and time
DISTANCE - an underground area such as a home or office
building basement offers more protection than the first floor of a building. A floor near the middle of a high-rise may be better. SHIELDING - the heavier and denser the materials - thick walls, concrete, bricks, books and earth - between you and the fallout particles, the better.
TIME - fallout radiation loses its intensity fairly rapidly. In time, you will be able to leave the fallout shelter. Radioactive fallout poses the greatest threat to people during the first two weeks.
THE THREE MILE ISLAND NUCLEAR
In Harrisburg, PA on March 28, 1979,
the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor
experienced a partial core meltdown.
While little radiation was released from
the accident thanks to a working
containment system, this accident
became the rallying call for fears about
Please join StudyMode to read the full document