Unit 47 : Administer Medication to Individuals and Monitor the Effects
Task 1 : Identify current legislations, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication
Medicines Act 1968
This sets out the criteria for the prescription, supply, storage and administration of medicines, and classifies medicines into the following groups. 1. Prescription-only medicines (POM) which can only be obtained on prescription, prescribed by an authorised health professional, such as a doctor, specialist trained nurse or dentist. These must be prescribed by a qualified health practitioner and include medicines that are brought under the supervision of a pharmacist, such as anti-biotics. 2. Over the counter medicines, which are broken down into the following categories. 3. (a)
Pharmacy-only medicines (P) which can be bought under the supervision of a registered pharmacists. (b)
General Sales list medicines (GSL), which may be bought from shops and supermarkets without supervision or an advice from a health professional.
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
The act covers the use of medicines that could cause particular harm if in the wrong hands. Controlled drugs are medicines that are considered potentially addictive and dangerous, and these have special provisions for their use.
Controlled Drug : This are prescription-only medicines that have extra restrictions on their security. It should be two qualified nurses or Healthcare Professional should administered it and be countered signed to monitor the doses of the drugs and the quantity that been distributed to the hospital.
Misuse of Drugs Act 1973
The act deals with the safe storage of medicines. In hospitals and care homes, controlled drugs are stored in a wall-mounted locked cabinet within a locked cupboard that usually have an alarm or lights that indicated the someone open the cupboard and trying to have access to the controlled drug inside the cupboard for it. When the inner cupboard is opened a light displayed to later others of its use.
Health Act 2000
Following the Shipman Inquiry, procedures for handling controlled drugs have been tightened up. New methods have been introduced to monitor and inspect the secure handling of controlled drugs in care homes. The Care Quality Commission is obliged to share information with the other regulators, including the police to check the use of controlled drugs in care homes. It allows a power of entry and inspection for the police and others nominated people to enter premises to inspect stocks and records of the controlled drugs. Controlled of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 2002 Under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, these regulations aim to reduce the risk posed by any hazardous substances, including medicines. This includes carrying out the necessary risk assessments, safe storage and wearing disposable gloves to limit exposure to medicated creams and ointments.
Data Protection Act 1998
This requires any organisation that keeps personal records on computer to register as a data user and to comply with specific regulations. The main points are: * Information systems must be registered
* Only specific information can be stored on these systems * Access to the information within organisations is limited to authorised people * Data must be kept secure
* Information can be used only in accordance with registration * Individuals can have access to information stored about them * How long information is to kept
Access to Health Records Act
This Act gives people the right to see information about themselves kept by health professionals. Access can only be denied if there is danger to the individual or others, or confidential information is included about another party.
Task 2 : Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects. Explain the different routes of medicines administration. Identify Medication
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