otc over the counter

Topics: Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical drug Pages: 4 (1313 words) Published: July 22, 2014
Factors affecting the sales of OTC ?
As human being we have the fundamental right to have access to health services. While viewing the health related issues we hardly can be oblivious about any medicine or drug. Now a days around the world mass people collect medicines with or without the prescription of the physicians. There are some medicines that may be sold without a prescription, in contrast to prescription drugs—these drugs are termed as Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are non-prescription drugs sold in convenience stores, grocery stores and health shops. They range from pain relievers, cough and cold remedies to sleeping aids, weight reducing aids, and vitamin supplements. The OTC drugs are characterized as less risk taking, less dynamic, non-maintenance therapeutic pharmaceutical drugs. The efficacy and potency of these drugs have been well established. OTC drugs play an increasingly vital role in health care system. Some medicines considered safe in general terms may be available in general stores, drug stores, supermarkets etc. The rules for collecting those OTC drugs vary considerably from country to country. For example, in the United States, the manufacture and sale of OTC substances is regulated by the FDA. Generally FDA controls the operational and marketing activity of the manufacturers so that the customers ultimately get the safe and secured medicines. As a general rule, over-the-counter drugs have to be primarily used to treat a condition that does not require the direct supervision of a doctor and must be proven to be reasonably safe and well-tolerated. OTC drugs are usually also required to have little or no abuse potential, although in some areas drugs such as codeine are available OTC (usually in strictly limited formulations or requiring paperwork or identification to be submitted during purchase). Over time, drugs that prove themselves safe and appropriate for self-medication may be switched from prescription...
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