Pharmacology Final

Topics: Diuretic, Hypertension, Pharmacology Pages: 12 (3419 words) Published: September 12, 2013
Chapter |Number | |
|2  Pharmacotherapy |4 |
|6 Medication Errors |4 |
|38/39 Antibiotics |7 |
|~23 Antidysrhythmic |3 |
|~25 Hypertension |5 |
|~26 Diuretics |5 |
|~27 Fluids and Elect |4 |
|~28 Anticoagulants |5 |
|~29 Lipids |4 |
|~32 Diabetes |6 |
|~11 Analgesics |4 |
|~12 Anesthetics |4 |
| Total |55 |

1. If two drugs have the same bioavailability and same concentration of _active_ ingredient, they are said to be _bioequivalent_ (e.g., a grand-name drug and the same generic drug.

2. A drug’s _steady_state is the _________________ state in which the amount of drug removed via elimination is _half life_to the amount of drug ____________ from each dose.

3. Taking an _enteric_-coated medication (intended for _intestine_ dissolution and absorption) with a large amount of food may result in dissolution of the medication by acidic _food_ contents and reduce the amount of drug absorbed by the _small intestine__.

4. Palliative therapy is generally used in the _end_-stages of illness when all attempts at _curative_ therapy have failed. List some examples.

5. _Acute_ therapy often involves more intensive drug treatment and is implemented in the acutely ill (those with _rapid_ onset of illness) or even the _critically_ ill. List some examples.

6. In _enteral_ drug administration drugs are absorbed into the _systemic_ circulation through the mucosa of the _stomach__ and/or small or large _intestines__.

7. The _IV_ route is the fastest route for drug absorption. This term is most commonly used to describe drugs entering the body directly into the circulatory system. Intravenous _injection__ delivers the drug directly into the blood stream.

8. Drugs that are bound to plasma _albumin_ are characterized by longer duration of _action__.

9. Pharmacokinetics is the study of what the _body_ does to the _drug_ and involves _absorption_, distribution, _metabolism_, and excretion of drugs.

10. Pharmacodynamics is the the study of what the _drug_ does to the _body_.

11. _excretions_ is the elimination of drugs from the body. The primary organ for elimination of drugs from the body is_kidney_.

Chapter 6

1. A medication error is defined as a _preventable_ adverse drug event that involves inappropriate medication use by a patient or health care provider. 2. When giving medications, the nurse should always listen to and _honor_ any concerns or doubts expressed by the patient 3. If a prescriber writes an order that is _illegible__, the nurse should contact the prescriber for clarification. 4. Measures that prevent medication errors include using _____ patient identifiers, giving only medications that you have drawn up or _prepared_, and minimizing the use of _oral_ and telephone orders. 5. _77%_ of all preventable adverse drug events begin with an error at the medication order (prescribing) stage. 6. How would you write the drug dosage Levothyroxine ¾ mg in proper terms (decimal)? 7. _High_ Alert medications have been identified as those medications that, because of their potentially _harmful_ nature, require special care when prescribing, dispensing, and/or administering. 8. Medication errors include any preventable adverse drug events involving inappropriate medication use by the patient or health care professional; they may or _has_ cause the patient harm. Chapter 38

1. Allergy to _IgE__ may also result in hypersensitivity to cephalosporins. 2. Drug-related...
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