Placenta Previa

Topics: Childbirth, Blood, Uterus Pages: 2 (358 words) Published: March 9, 2014
Placenta Previa

Placenta previa is a problem of pregnancy in which the placenta grows in the lowest part of the womb (uterus) and covers all or part of the opening to the cervix.

CAUSE, INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS
The placenta partly or completely covers the cervix. This is called a previa. There are different forms of placenta previa:
Marginal: The placenta is next to cervix but does not cover the opening. Partial: The placenta covers part of the cervical opening.
Complete: The placenta covers all of the cervical opening.
Placenta previa occurs in 1 out of 200 pregnancies. It is more common in women who have: Abnormally shaped uterus 
Many previous pregnancies
Multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets, etc.)
Scarring on the lining of the uterus, due to history of surgery, c-section, previous pregnancy, or abortion Women who smoke or uses cocaineor have their children at an older age may also have an increased risk. DIAGNOSIS

a sudden onset of bleeding or discovery during an ultrasound.  SYMPTOMS
Sudden and painless vaginal bleeding
Menstrual-like cramps
Premature contractions
TREATMENT
Reducing your activities
Bed rest
Pelvic rest, which means no sex, no tampons, and no douching Nothing should be placed in the vagina.
Blood transfusions
Medicines to prevent early labor
Medicines to help pregnancy continue to at least 36 weeks
Shot of special medicine called Rhogam if your blood type is Rh-negative Steroid shots to help the baby's lungs mature
C-Section

Possible Complications
Risks to the mother include:
Major bleeding (hemorrhage)
Shock
Death
Blood clots
Infection
Need for blood transfusions
Risks to the baby include:
Blood loss in the baby
Death

PREVENTION
Have the condition checked regularly.
Carefully follow any instructions you are given regarding bed reat and what to do if you have bleeding or contractions EXPECTATION (PROGNOSIS)
The biggest risk is severe bleeding that can be life threatening to the mother and...
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