Pregnancy among hispanic women

Topics: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Infant Pages: 6 (2043 words) Published: November 10, 2013


Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal

Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal
Community nurses can provide education to a community in need which will benefit individuals, groups, communities, and society as a whole. A community health nurse must assess the community in need and develop a teaching plan and implement the teaching. It is also very important to evaluate the outcome of the teaching and assist with any additional needs. In this paper we will discuss the needs of our community and how we will implement a teaching session. The rationale and goals will be discussed on how this teaching will benefit this community. Proposed Teaching

The proposed teaching would be to teach the Mexican immigrant community on healthy pregnancy. Education can be given on taking prenatal vitamins including folic acid. Education can be given on the importance of folic acid to prevent birth defects and how a mother can take this one month before and during pregnancy ("Guidance for Preventing," 2013). Education would be given on proper diet and fluid intake to maintain healthy weight for mom and infant. Education will be given on the major risks of smoking, drinking, and using drugs. The mothers will be able to view posters that have nutritional information and appropriate exercise materials that a pregnant woman can do to assist in a healthy pregnancy. The students can hand out information for free prenatal clinics where they can obtain basic prenatal care and prenatal vitamins.

Planning Before Teaching:
The teaching proposal is in regards to primary prevention for health promotion for the Mexican immigrant pregnant population in Arizona. The instructors include Launi Vos RN, Amarachuckw, Daniyel, and Robert. Estimated time for this teaching is 60 minutes and will be located in a medical clinic in El Mirage, AZ. Supplies needed for the teaching include: posters, food, videos, booklets to hand out and an overhead projector screen. The time and supplies will be donated by the Grand Canyon students. The target community will be low income, Spanish speaking, low educated, pregnant woman and postpartum mom and infants. A translator will be present if known of the students speak Spanish. The topic being discussed will be health promotion through healthy eating, exercising and following some easy steps resulting in a healthy pregnancy.

Epidemiological Rational:
According to the CDC one in every 33 infants is born with a birth defect. By educating mothers to manage health conditions and how to adopt healthy behaviors before pregnancy this can increase chances of a healthy infant ("Guidance for Preventing," 2013). Many birth defects are more common in certain ethic/racial backgrounds. Hispanic woman have the highest rate of having infants with spina bifida, and anencephaly ("Folic Acid," 2010). Reasons that Hispanic woman have the highest incidence of infants born to these defects could be that they do not consume enough folic acid in their foods, are unaware to consume daily vitamins containing folic acid, and are unaware that folic acid can prevent birth defects. Education can be given on the importance of diet and exercise for maternal health and managing of gestational diabetes and many other maternal conditions that can affect the health of the infant.

Nursing Diagnoses
Knowledge deficit related to lack of information on the benefits of balanced nutritional meals and increase activity to prevent obesity and other chronic illnesses. Education on the benefits of a well balance diet and the importance of exercise for the expectant mother, infants and children are essential on preventing obesity and other chronic illnesses. The sooner healthy habits are implemented into one’s lifestyle, the sooner they will reap the benefits of living a better quality of life. These qualities have a greater chance of being passed down from one generation to the next ("Maternal, Infant, and Child," 2013). The goal is...

References: Alcañiz, L. (2013, November 3). Traditional Hispanic beliefs and myths about pregnancy. Retrieved from Babycenter.com: http://www.babycenter.com/0_traditional-hispanic-beliefs-and-myths-about-pregnancy_3653769.bc
Berman, R. (2006). Perceived Learning Needs of Minority Expectant Women and Barriers to Prenatal Education. The Journal of Perinatal Education, 36-42.
Folic acid. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/folicacid/data.html
Guidance for preventing birth defects. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/prevention.html
Kalofonos, I., & Palinkas, L. (1999). Barriers to Prenatal Care for Mexican and Mexican American Women. Journal of Gender, Culture, Health, 135.
Maternal, infant, and child health. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicId=26
Taylor, E. (2001). Transformative Learning Theory. International Journal of Life Long Education, 218-236.
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