PREGNANCY DISCRIMINATION ACT OF 1978:
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 is an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibits employers from discriminating against workers based on pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions. The law says that Pregnancy Discrimination is sex discrimination to treat a woman less favorably on the grounds of her pregnancy or because she wants to take or has taken maternity leave (Sex Discrimination Act 1975 s3A). To show the discrimination a woman need not be compared to a man or how a man might be treated. For a woman her pregnancy can be the cause for her being dismissed from the work or treated less favorably. All employees, casual workers, agency workers, freelancers and self-employed women are protected by sex discrimination law from day one of their employment. Employees are also protected from detriment or dismissal on the grounds of pregnancy or maternity leave (Employment Rights Act 1996 s99 and Maternity and Parental Leave etc Regulations 1999 reg. 19). This protection applies to employees only from day one of their employment. According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the Pregnancy Discrimination Act requires employers to treat pregnant women the same way they do other employees or job applicants. Here are several ways in which pregnant women are protected: * An employer cannot refuse to hire someone because she is pregnant or has a pregnancy-related condition. * An employer can't require a pregnant woman to submit to special procedures in order to determine whether she can perform her job duties unless the employer requires all employees to submit to those procedures. * An employer must treat a pregnant woman who can't perform her job due to a medical condition related to her pregnancy the same way he treats all temporarily disabled employees. * An employer may not keep a pregnant woman from working or prohibit a woman from returning to work after...
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