Premature Babies

Topics: Childbirth, Preterm birth, Magnesium sulfate Pages: 2 (442 words) Published: November 26, 2013

Premature babies and some of the complications

Premature Babies and some of the complications
There have been many medical advances in both prevention and intervention that will hopefully lead to lower premature birth rates. Premature births affect 500,000babies-which is 1 of every 9 infants born in the United States. Worldwide, more than 15 million babies are born to soon each year. Prematurity exponentially increases a variety of complications such as breathing problems. Teen pregnancy falls in this category too; one of the reasons being is that infants born to teen mothers are at risk of being born premature and at a low birth rate. With that it also puts newborns at greater risk for infant death, respiratory distress syndrome, bleeding in the brain, vision loss, and serious intestinal problems. Teen mothers are also more likely to smoke during pregnancy than mothers over the age of 25, and smoking can also cause babies to be born at a low birth rate, and being born premature. The nation’s preterm birth rate in 2012 was 11.5%, which is a 15 year low, according to the March of Dimes report. Premature birth not only takes a high toll on families, but it also cost society more than $26 billion dollars a year. While not every single preemie has complications, some have short-term problems, some have long-term problems, and some are lucky and don’t have problems. Usually the earlier they are born the higher the risk they are to have complications. Some of the short-term problems they may have are Immune system problems, Metabolism problems, Blood problems, Gastrointestinal problems, Blood problems, Heart problems, Brain problems, and even Temperature control problems. Some of the long-term problems that they may have are Cerebral palsy, Impaired cognitive skills, Hearing problems, Dental problems, Chronic health issues, Vision problems, and behavioral and Physiological problems. For some premature babies problems don’t show up...
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