A pharmacist is a person who is professionally qualified to prepare and dispense medicinal drugs. Pharmacists work in a hospital, clinic or community drug store. Pharmacist duties include constantly studying and learning about the properties and side effects of new drugs and communicating this information to doctors and patients.
According to Mike Johnston in "The Pharmacy Technician Foundation and Practices" book pharmacy is the art and science of preparing and dispensing medication(). According to the article “Pharmacists” on the Bureau of Labor Statistic internet site pharmacists dispense patients’ prescription medicine and offer advice on medicine’s safe use. Pharmacists verify instructions from physicians on the proper amounts of medication to give to patients and fill prescriptions. They check if the drug will interact negatively with other drugs that the patient is currently taking or the condition the patient may have. When the patient comes to pick up their prescription the pharmacist may instruct the patient on how to take the medication and the potential side effects of the medication. The pharmacist must complete insurance forms and work with insurance companies to be sure that patients get the medicines they need. Pharmacists also oversee the work of pharmacy technicians and interns. Pharmacists may work with and teach other healthcare practitioners about proper medication therapies for patients (Bureau “Pharmacist”). According to the article “Pharmacist Facts and Tools” on the U.S. PharmD internet site, pharmacists participate in multidisciplinary clinical care teams (U.S. PharmD "Pharmacists"). Pharmacists take continuing education throughout their career to keep up with the latest advances in pharmacological science.
According to the article “Pharmacists” on the Bureau of Labor Statistic internet site pharmacists must have a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree from an accredited school. Pharmacists must also be licensed. In order to become licensed one is required to pass two exams. One of the exams is in pharmacy knowledge and skills and the other is in pharmacy law in the state giving the pharmacy license. All Doctor of Pharmacy programs require applicants to have taken postsecondary courses such as chemistry, biology, and anatomy. Applicants must have two to three years of undergraduate study. Applicants must also have a bachelor’s degree for some programs. Pharm.D. programs usually take three to four years to finish. Courses in pharmacology and medical ethics are included in the Pharm.D. programs. Pharmacists must also have supervised work experiences in different settings, which include hospitals and retail pharmacies. In order to seek an advanced pharmacy position, such as a clinical pharmacy or research job, pharmacists must complete a one to two year residency following their Pharm. D. While some pharmacists that own their own store may choose to get a master’s degree in business administration others may get a degree in public health (Bureau “Pharmacists”).
According to the article “Pharmacists” on the Bureau of Labor Statistic internet site from the year 2010 to 2020 the employment of pharmacists is expected to increase by twenty five percent. The employment as of the year 2010 is 247,900. The projected employment in 2020 is said to be 344,600. The employment change from 2010-2020 is 69,700. More people are expected to get insurance coverage for medications. Since the number of older people is increasing this occupation is in demand. New pharmacists should expect good job prospects because a significant number of pharmacists are expected to retire in the coming decade. Demand is likely to increase for pharmacists in physicians' offices, nursing homes, and outpatient care centers as well. This is because older people use more prescription medicines than younger people use(Bureau “Pharmacist”). According to the article "Pharmacists and Pharmacy...
Cited: Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Pharmacists.” Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13
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