In this assignment the author will produce a report that discusses nutritional and energy requirements, comparing and contrasting similarities and differences between the two groups for each nutrient and for energy. The two groups the author has chosen to compare are women aged between 19-50 and pregnant women. The recommended daily calorie intake is 1940kcal this amount is needed to provide them with enough energy throughout the day and to meet the BMR(basal metabolic rate)this is less compared to the amount needed by pregnant mothers as the amount needed by is considerably higher in the last three months pregnant mother’s need 2140kcal a day. This is because pregnant women need more calories more importantly later in the pregnancy as the baby is growing quicker and as the baby gets all its nourishment from its mother through the umbilical cord, so diet is very important. If the mother is lacking in any vitamins and nutrients her baby might lack them too. Also the woman’s own body weight is increasing. During lactation the energy that the woman requires goes up from being 450Kcal extra in the first month to a maximum of 570 in 3rd month, this is due to the amount of energy required for milk production. www.livestrong.com The following are the selected nutrients per day for females aged 19-50 and pregnant women. Protein is needed in 45.0 g in women aged 19-50 whereas in pregnant women its increased by 6.0g and in lactating women there’s a further increase of 11.0g and after 4 months its increased by 8.0g. It is increased because this is when the baby will be growing it’s fastest and that means placing more demand on the woman for all her essential nutrients protein is also needed for the growth of the foetus and maternal tissue in pregnant women also for producing breast milk during lactation. Calcium is needed in 700mg and in a pregnant woman it is the same, this is because the absorption rate of calcium increases during pregnancy so women do not need to...
Manual of nutrition, (2010)
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