GCSE Style Question
TASK: Explain the role of religion in terrorism. Pick out and fully explain two examples of the role of religion in terrorism.
What are some examples of religious terrorist groups?
Examples include Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda network, the Palestinian Sunni Muslim organization Hamas, the Lebanese Shiite group Hezbollah, the radical Jewish groups affiliated with the late Rabbi Meir Kahane, the Israeli extremists Baruch Goldstein (who machine gunned Muslim worshippers in a Hebron mosque in 1994) and Yigal Amir (who assassinated then Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995), south American white- supremacist militias, and the Aum Shinrikyo doomsday cult in Japan.
Terrorism is a person or a group of people using violent methods to create national/ worldwide fear/terror by trying to spread fear by the use of terror, therefore may gain controllable power. Religion plays an important role in the cause of terrorism. Some terrorist groups have used their interpretation of religion/religious beliefs to justify their actions. The Role of Religious Fundamentalism in Terrorist Violence can play a vital role to: recruit and motivate potential future suicide bombers, spread or enforce a system of belief, viewpoint or opinion, make people more prejudiced or even reduce prejudice, motivate activism by offering a dramatic system of extreme rewards and punishments for people’s behaviours. They mainly use religious scriptures to justify or explain their violent acts to attack large numbers of their enemy. They use mainly violence as their strategy. An example of world known terrorist group is the Al – Qaeda. Despite Islamic teachings against suicide and killing innocent people in battle, this terrorist group led by Osama bin Laden have used a fundamentalist form (ideology) of Islam to justify a war of terrorism which aims for an end to foreign influence in Muslim countries defending from Christian and Jewish influences.(active since 1988). The PLO...
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