Self Medication Practices in a Rural Filipino Community

Topics: Medicine, Health care, Pharmacology Pages: 71 (21307 words) Published: September 18, 2013
College Of Health and Allied Sciences
Master Of Science In Nursing
Major In Adult Health Nursing

In fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree
Master of Science in Nursing
Major in Adult Health Nursing

Factors Affecting The Prevalence Of Self Medication Using Commercial Drugs In A Rural Filipino Family

For The Course
Research II With Statistics

Presented by:

Elaiza Joy M. Claravall
Hazel Faith W. Cortel
Abegail Jane W. Pasion
Jave Mar C. Leonardo
Minette B. Dangue
MSN students

Date Presented: May 20 2013
Date Revised: May 21, 2013
Factors Affecting The Prevalence Of Self Medication Using Commercial Drugs In A Rural Filipino Family Abstract
Objectives: the purpose of the study was to assess the factors affecting prevalence of self- medication practices using commercial drugs of the Rural Filipino Family including its correlation and who among them experienced non therapeutic effect. Methods: This study was a descriptive cross- sectional question based study. The study was conducted in 3 rural, agricultural lands, municipality in three different provinces wherein 2 municipalities were accomplished around the Region 2 while the remaining one was conducted in Cordillera Administrative Region. The 300 respondents’ of the study was family in a rural community which was randomly selected. A questionnaire was approved by the research protocols and was given to the family and the medical-decision- giver completed the said questionnaire with the assistance of the data gathering personnel. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences or SPSS version 13.0. Descriptive data were expressed as percentage, frequency and mean. Pearson- r was utilized in assessing correlation the factors. Results: Almost all of the respondents practices self-medication 90.3% within the family, the respondent’s profile, wherein majority of them who accomplished the semi- constructed and assisted questionnaire were females, predominantly were mothers, with a mean age of 39 years, and primarily of them were nuclear type of family composing an average family members of 5 people, most of them finished a college degree, and most of the family earned a range of ₱1001- ₱P5000 with a mean of ₱4,476,and majority was enrolled in a health insurance. the most commonly used medication were paracetamol which rank first followed by Ibuprofen, both commercial drugs falls under the classification of analgesics and or antipyretic while the third one was amoxicillin an antibiotics. On the aspect of the accuracy of medication usage, paracetamol, Ibuprofen and loperamide were the topmost correctly used. On the other hand, most of the commercial medications incorrectly used were antibiotics wherein amoxicillin was the leading medication that was wrongly used then cotrimoxazole and cephalexin. Fever is the most common illnesses prompted the family to self- medicate, followed by headache and then cough and colds. The families’ understanding and compliance to the commercial drugs utilized in self-medication was good, and majority were aware to its indication but not with the non- therapeutic effects. Almost perceived their health as most important and their current health status were in good term. Most of the family intervened thru self- medication in times of illness occurrence rather than attending health facilities or using herbal preparations. Majority did not experience such non- therapeutic effects. While the minority who experienced non- therapeutic reactions, predominantly both dizziness and epigastric pain leading manifestation felt by the family then followed by the occurrence of rash or itchiness and ringing of ears. The study revealed that there was a negative correlation between the prevalence of self-medication with prevalence of adverse effect. Conclusion: In this study, the researchers concluded that self-medication is safe practice of...

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