UNIVERSITY OF SAINT LOUIS TUGUEGARAO
TUGUEGARAO CITY, CAGAYAN
College Of Health and Allied Sciences
Master Of Science In Nursing
Major In Adult Health Nursing
In fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree
Master of Science in Nursing
Major in Adult Health Nursing
Factors Affecting The Prevalence Of Self Medication Using Commercial Drugs In A Rural Filipino Family
For The Course
Research II With Statistics
Elaiza Joy M. Claravall
Hazel Faith W. Cortel
Abegail Jane W. Pasion
Jave Mar C. Leonardo
Minette B. Dangue
Date Presented: May 20 2013
Date Revised: May 21, 2013
Factors Affecting The Prevalence Of Self Medication Using Commercial Drugs In A Rural Filipino Family Abstract
Objectives: the purpose of the study was to assess the factors affecting prevalence of self- medication practices using commercial drugs of the Rural Filipino Family including its correlation and who among them experienced non therapeutic effect. Methods: This study was a descriptive cross- sectional question based study. The study was conducted in 3 rural, agricultural lands, municipality in three different provinces wherein 2 municipalities were accomplished around the Region 2 while the remaining one was conducted in Cordillera Administrative Region. The 300 respondents’ of the study was family in a rural community which was randomly selected. A questionnaire was approved by the research protocols and was given to the family and the medical-decision- giver completed the said questionnaire with the assistance of the data gathering personnel. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences or SPSS version 13.0. Descriptive data were expressed as percentage, frequency and mean. Pearson- r was utilized in assessing correlation the factors. Results: Almost all of the respondents practices self-medication 90.3% within the family, the respondent’s profile, wherein majority of them who accomplished the semi- constructed and assisted questionnaire were females, predominantly were mothers, with a mean age of 39 years, and primarily of them were nuclear type of family composing an average family members of 5 people, most of them finished a college degree, and most of the family earned a range of ₱1001- ₱P5000 with a mean of ₱4,476,and majority was enrolled in a health insurance. the most commonly used medication were paracetamol which rank first followed by Ibuprofen, both commercial drugs falls under the classification of analgesics and or antipyretic while the third one was amoxicillin an antibiotics. On the aspect of the accuracy of medication usage, paracetamol, Ibuprofen and loperamide were the topmost correctly used. On the other hand, most of the commercial medications incorrectly used were antibiotics wherein amoxicillin was the leading medication that was wrongly used then cotrimoxazole and cephalexin. Fever is the most common illnesses prompted the family to self- medicate, followed by headache and then cough and colds. The families’ understanding and compliance to the commercial drugs utilized in self-medication was good, and majority were aware to its indication but not with the non- therapeutic effects. Almost perceived their health as most important and their current health status were in good term. Most of the family intervened thru self- medication in times of illness occurrence rather than attending health facilities or using herbal preparations. Majority did not experience such non- therapeutic effects. While the minority who experienced non- therapeutic reactions, predominantly both dizziness and epigastric pain leading manifestation felt by the family then followed by the occurrence of rash or itchiness and ringing of ears. The study revealed that there was a negative correlation between the prevalence of self-medication with prevalence of adverse effect. Conclusion: In this study, the researchers concluded that self-medication is safe practice of...
Bibliography: 1. Abahussain, E., et., al., 2005, : Self-Reported Medication Use among Adolescents in Kuwait, Medicine Principles and Practice, Med, Princ Pract 2005;14:161–164 DOI: 10.1159/000084633
3. Al-azzam, S.I., et.al., 2007, Self-medication with antibiotics in Jordanian population, International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 2007;20(4);373-380 DOI 10.2478/v10001-007-0038-9
7. Andualem, T. et.,al, 2004, Self-medication practices in Addis, Ababa: a prospective study. Ethiop J Health Sci. Vol. 14, No. 1 January.
8. Awad, et., al, 2000,Self- and anti-malarial among Sudanese undergraduate university students. medication practices with antibiotics Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait.
9. Balamurugan, E., et., al., 2011, Prevalence and Pattern of Self Medication use in coastal regions of South India,BJMP 2011;4(3):a428.
11. Basco, L. K., 2004, Molecular Epidemiology of Malaria in Cameroon.ixi. Quality of antimalarial used for self- medication the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 70(30), 2004, pp. 245-250.
12. Banerjee, I., Bhadury, T. 2012, Self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care medical college, West Bengal Journal of Postgraduate Medicine April 2012 Volume 58 Issue 2..
13. Berzanskye, A, 2006, Self-medication with Antibiotics in Lithuania Ijomeh: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 2006;19(4):246 – 53.
14. Boateng D. A. (2009), Self-medication among Doctors and Pharmacists at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital; a thesis submitted to the Department of Clinical and Social Pharmacy, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.
15. Book, Nursing 2008 drug handbook. 28th edition. 2008. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
17. Book, Statistics for allied health sciences. engr. frederick o. ramos and dr. adela jamorabo-ruiz. 2009. merriam & webster bookstore, inc. manila, philippines
19. Du, Yong, et., al.Self- Medication among Children and Adolescents in Germany: result of the National Health Survey for Children and Adolescents(KiGGS)(2009).British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology,DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2125.2009.03477.x
21. Landers, T. F., et., al., 2010,Antibiotic identification, use, and self-medication for respiratory illnesses among urban Latinos, Journal of the Academy of Nurse Practioners 22
23. Lloyd, E. A., et., al., 2005, Self-Reported medication use among Adolescents in Kuwait. Med Princ Pract 2005; 14-161-164 DOI: 10.1159/000084633.
24. Neafsey, P. J. Et., Al., 2002 An Interactive technology Approach to Educate Older Adults about Drug Interactions Arising from Over-the Counter Self-Medication Practices, Public Health Nursing Volume 19 Number 4 July/August 2002.
25. Neafsey, T. J. Et. Al. 2001, Adverse self-medication practices of older adults with hypertension attending blood pressure clinics: adverse self-medication practices, The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice. 2001. Volume 5 Number 1.
26. Phalke, V. D., et., al., 2009, Self- medication practices in rural Maharashta, India Community Med 2006; 31:34-5.
27. Pan H., et., al., (2012), Prior Knowledge, Older Age, and Higher Allowance Are Risk Factors for Self-Medication with Antibiotics among University Students in Southern China. PLoS ONE 7(7): e41314. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041314.
29. Pit,S. W.et.,al, 2007, Medication review patient selection and general practitioners report of drug related problems an action taken in elderly Australian, Journal Compilation, 55, 927-934.
30. Sarahroodi S, et., al., 2000, Patterns of Self-medication with analgesics among Iranian University students in central Iran Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran. firstname.lastname@example.org.
32. Sontakke, S.D. et.,al. (2011), Comparative study of evaluation of self-medication practices in first and third year medical students. Int J Biol Med Res. 2 (2), 561-564.
33. Sweileh, W.M., 2004, Self – Medication and Over-the-Counter Practices: A Study in Palestine, W. Sweileh, J. Al-Aqsa Unv., 8, 2004.
35. Wen, Y., et al. A qualitative study about self-medication in the community among market vendors in Fuzhou, China, 2011, Health and Social Care in the Community 19(5), 504–513 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2524.2011.01009.x
37. Wijesinghea, P.R.,et.,al., 2012, Prevalence and predictors of self-medication in a selected urban and rural district of Sri Lanka, WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health 2012;1(1):28-41.
38. Worku, S., et., al., 2003, Practice of Self-medication in Jimma Town, Ethiop.J.Health Dev. 2003;17(2):111-116.
39. Zafar, S.N et.,al, 2007, Self -medication among university students of Karachi: Prevalence, knowledge and attitudes.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document