Tagetes Erecta

Topics: Antioxidant, Herbalism, Pharmacology Pages: 8 (2212 words) Published: March 5, 2013
Vol 3 | Issue 1| 2012 | 16-19. e - ISSN 2249-7544 Print ISSN 2229-7464

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOPHARMACY RESEARCH
www.phytopharmacyresearch.com

A CONCISE REVIEW ON TAGETES ERECTA
G. Gopi1, A. Elumalai2 and P. Jayasri3
1

Department of Pharmaceutics, Mahathi College of Pharmacy, CTM X Road, Chittoor (Dt), Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh, 517 319. 2 Department of Pharmacognosy, Anurag Pharmacy College, Ananthagiri (V), Kodad (M), Nalgonda (Dt), Andhra Pradesh, 508 206. 3 Department of Pharmacognosy, Santhiram College of Pharmacy, Srinivas Nagar, Kurnool (Dt), Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh, 518 501. ABSTRACT Medicinal plants have been of great importance to the health care needs of individuals and their communities. The use of herbal preparations made from medicinal plants is widespread in developing countries. The healing powers of traditional herbal medicines have been realized since antiquities. About 65% of the world populations have access to local medicinal plant knowledge system. India is sitting on a gold mine of well-recorded and traditionally well practiced knowledge of herbal medicine. This article discusses about the medicinal values of Tagetes erecta. In this communication, we reviewed the pharmacological and phytochemistry of Tagetes erecta and its application in the treatment of various ailments like the flower parts of plants are used as a hepatoprotective, insecticide, anti-oxidants and analgesic. This review discusses the investigation made by various workers related to chemical constituents, pharmacological action and toxicological studies of this plant since years till date. Key words: Tagetes erecta, Pharmacological Actions, Toxicological Studies. INTRODUCTION Medicinal plants and derived medicine are widely used in traditional cultures all over the world and they are becoming increasingly popular in modern society as natural alternatives to synthetic chemicals [1]. In the last few decades there has been an exponential growth in the field of herbal medicine. It is getting popularized in developing and developed countries owing to its natural origin and lesser side effects [2]. At the present juncture, the modern conventional healthcare is burdened with great problems of unsafe medicines, chronic diseases, resistant infections, auto immune disorders and degenerative disorders of ageing, despite great scientific advances. More than 70% of India’s 1.1 billion populations still use these non-allopathic systems of medicine [3]. India possesses almost 8% of the estimated biodiversity of the world with around 0.126% million species [4]. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that approximately 80% of world population relies mainly on traditional medicines, mostly plant drugs in their health care. Today, Ayurveda coexists with modern system of medicine, and is still widely used and practiced. About 30% of the currently used therapeutics is of natural origin [5]. Botanical Study Kingdom Order Family Genus Species

: Plantae : Asterales : Asteraceae : Tagetes : Tagetes erecta

Traditional Uses The leaves are reported to be effective against piles, kidney troubles, muscular pain, ulcers, and wounds. The pounded leaves are used as an external application to boils and carbuncles. Chemical Constituents Lutein is an oxycarotenoid, or xanthophyll, containing 2 cyclic end groups (one beta and one alphaionone ring) and the basic C-40 isoprenoid structure common to all carotenoids. It is one of the major constituents and the main pigment of Tagetes erecta.

Corresponding Author: G. Gopi

Email:- jaishugopi@gmail.com

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Pharmacological Actions Anti-bacterial Activity Rhama and Madhavan reported the anti-bacterial activity of different solvents of Tagetes erecta flowers against Alcaligens faecalis, Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter coli, Escherchia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus pyogenes. The...

References: 1. Ben-Erik Vanwyk, Micheal Wink, Medicinal plants of the world. Published by Briz Publication, South Africa, Edition I, (7), 2009, 43. 2. B.V. Patel, A Report of The Seminar on, Herbal Drugs: Present Status and Future Prospects, Perd Centre, Ahmedabad, 2001. 3. Thomas Paul, A Devasagayam, Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, 2006. 4. B. Jain, C. Jitendra Kumane, S. Sheetal Bhattacharya. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 5 (2), 2006, 237-242. 5. Research Guidelines for Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Herbal Medicines”=, World Health Organization, Regional office for the Western Pacific, Manila, 1993, 1-2. 6. S.Rhama and S. Madhavan. Antibacterial Activity of the Flavonoid-patulitrin isolated from the flowers of Tagetes erecta L. International Journal of Pharm Tech Research, 3(3), 2011, 1407-1409. 7. Patrick Ruddock S, Marijo Charland, Sandra Ramirez, Andres Lo´pez, Neil Towers G H, John Arnason T, Mingmin Liao, Jo-Anne Dillon R. Antimicrobial Activity of flavonoids from Piper lanceaefolium and other colombian medicinal
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plants against antibiotic susceptible and resistant strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Sexually transmitted diseases, 38(2), 2011, 81-88. Basavaraj Chivde V, Karnakumar Biradar V, Rajabhau S, Shiramane, Kamshetty Manoj V. In vitro antioxidant activity studies of the flowers of Tagetes erecta L. (Compositae). International Journal of Pharma And Bio Sciences, 2(3), 2011, 223-229. Ranjan Kumar Giri, Anindya Bose and Subrat Kumar Mishra. Hepatoprotective Activity of Tagetes erecta against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage in rats. Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica n Drug Research, 68(6), 2011, 999-1003. Farjana Nikkon M, Rowshanul Habib M, Ezaul Karim and Zennat Ferdousi. Insecticidal activity of flower of Tagetes erecta against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 5(5), 2009, 748753. Motiur Rahman M, Ekramul Haque M. Tagetes Erecta Linn and its Mosquitocidal Potency Against Culex Quinquefasciatus. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2009, 186-188. Farjana Nikkon M, Rowshanul Habib, Zahangir Alam Saud and Rezaul Karim M, (Medicinal Plants: Conservation & Sustainable Use) Efficacy Evaluation Of Azadirachta Indica, Calotropis Procera, Datura Stramonium and Tagetes Erecta Against Root-Knot Nematodes Meloidogyne Incognita. Pak. J. Bot, 43, 2011, 197-204. Muhammad Arshad Hussain, Tariq Mukhtar and Muhammad Zameer Kayani. Combined wound healing activity of Gymnema sylvestere and Tagetes erecta Linn. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Applications, 2(2), 2011, 135-140. Bashir S, Gilani AH. Studies on the antioxidant and analgesic activities of Aztec marigold (Tagetes erecta) flowers. Phytother Res, 22(12), 2008, 1692-4. Márcia M, Marques M, Selene M, Morais Ícaro G, Vieira P, Mariano G, Vieira P, Ana Raquel, Silva A, Raimundo Rafael De Almeida, Maria Izabel Guedes F. Larvicidal activity of Tagetes erecta against Aedes aegypti. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 27(2), 2011, 156-158. Farjana Nikkon, Rowshanul Habib M, Zahangir Alam Saud, Rezaul Karim, Apurba Kumar Roy, Shahriar Zaman. Toxicological evaluation of chloroform fraction of flower of Tagetes erecta on rats. Int. J. Drug Dev & Res, 1(1), 2009, 161-165.
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