Topics: Taliban, Afghanistan, Pakistan Pages: 6 (2412 words) Published: April 28, 2013
The word Taliban means students of religion, and that is exactly what the Taliban is made up of. Many members came from schools in Pakistan. The group surfaced in Afghanistan in 1994 during a civil war in Afghanistan. Their goal was to establish an Islamic State of Afghanistan. The Taliban had a perverse interpretation of Sharia law, law guided by the Qur’an. Because of the Taliban’s perverse interpretation of Sharia law the Taliban hampered Afghanistan. The Taliban’s origins come from Muslim seminaries. The word Taliban literally means students of religion. They chose this name because it reflects the history of many of its members. Many of the Taliban were students of Muslim seminaries. Even more were born in Pakistani refugee camps, and attended school there. The schools they attended are called Madrassas, or Muslim seminaries and schools. These schools taught about the Islamic ideal society, the society that Muhammad created 1,400 years ago. Many of the members of the Taliban studied the Qur’an. Numerous members were drawn and recruited from the Madrassas set up in Pakistani refugee camps. Mullah Omar, the leader of the Taliban, and his followers were Sunni and Pashtun. The Pashtun ethnic group is the largest of Afghanistan, with a forty-percent share of the population. Pashtuns ruled for a consecutive 300 years in Afghanistan until a brief period just before the Taliban stepped into power. The Taliban was, at the time, mostly of the Pashtun ethnic group, therefore mostly Sunni. Sunni Muslims make up over eighty percent of Afghanistan, whereas Shi’a Muslims are a minority in Afghanistan. A rival ethnic group of the Pashtuns, the Hazara is primarily Shi’a. Mullah Omar was the leader of the Taliban, and a Pashtun and a Sunni. His followers were “children of the Jihad,” the fight against the Soviet Union during the 1980s. The Taliban thought of themselves as cleansers and purifiers of Afghanistan, which they thought was a social system gone wrong and a war gone astray. Many of the Taliban were former Mujahedeen. The Mujahedeen were Afghani fighters during the Soviet invasion during the 1980s. Numerous Taliban were previous fighters. Some fought against the Soviet Red Army as members of the Jihad, or Mujahedeen; countless more fought against President Najibullah’s regime. When the Soviet Union invaded in 1979, efforts of the opposition were funded by the United States. Therefore some of the Taliban received United States based funding. The leader of the Taliban, Mullah Omar was a former Mujahedeen, and a U.S. backed fighter. The Taliban’s army was not very organized; both the army and the air force operated without formal hierarchy. They may have taken this from Mujahedeen fighting. Most soldiers fought, and were unpaid. Only specialists were salaried. Local commanders were given lump sums to feed their troops. The Taliban were students and fighters fighting for the good of Islam. The Taliban unified and brought peace to Afghanistan as a whole. Before they came into power, Afghanistan was under warlord rule. They unified Afghanistan and removed those warlords from power. The Taliban had good intentions. One of their main goals was to restore peace and stability in Afghanistan. Another goal of theirs was to establish a pure Islamic state. Today the Taliban are opening a diplomatic office in Qatar. They want to create amicable relations with other countries. The main purpose of this office is to communicate with the United States.

The Taliban established peace and stability in Kandahar their capital. They brought peace and security to Kandahar during their rule. Before the Taliban gained power of Afghanistan warlords ruled Kandahar. The warlords sold almost everything including factories, telephone poles, and trees, to Pakistan. The Taliban made Kandahar a center for enormous trade. The Taliban believed that Afghanistan should be an Islamic Emirate governed by Sharia law. Sharia law is law based on the...
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