The Chase in the Middle East
Many know of the infamous terrorist organization Al-Qaeda, Saddam Hussein, and Osama bin Laden. The masterminds behind the September attacks on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. The cause of many years of American turmoil, wars, and the flight regulations increasing. But the problem was not solely between the United States and the terrorist group. It was wide-spread. How did they catch the steam and momentum they needed to obtain such a large backing? Where was their funding coming from? Why didn’t the UN or other nations come to our aid and intervene in stopping this group? Was International Law abided by in the handling of bin Laden, Hussein, and other Al-Qaeda members? Over the duration of this paper I am going to go in depth about the rise, chase, fall, and prosecution or Al-Qaeda and its notorious leaders. In doing such, I am going to mainly be focusing on the relation between International Law and the means the United States, primarily, and others took about hunting down these criminals. At the end of this, the question I want to answer is whether International Law was followed verbatim, or if we played by our own rules.
Al-Qaeda is a global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden and others between late 1988 and 1989. It operates as a network comprising of both a multinational, stateless army and an Islamist extremist group. The United Nations Security council has designated it as a terrorist organization. NATO, the European Union, India, and Russia also define them as a terrorist organization. They believe that creating a Christian- Jewish alliance or relationship will destroy Islam. The group is now lead by Egyptian Ayman al-Zawahiri. Many specialists and terrorism experts believe that Al-Qaeda is, and never was, an organization or group needing to be termed. Some think that the “group” itself is just a collection of people who despise the West and its ideas, culture, and religion. They share the common belief that the West will bring down the Islamic religion. Founder Osama bin Laden had this to say in October 2001 in an interview with Tayseer Allouni right after the September attacks: "... this matter isn't about any specific person and... is not about the al-Qa'idah Organization. We are the children of an Islamic Nation, with Prophet Muhammad as its leader, our Lord is one... and all the true believers [mu'mineen] are brothers. So the situation isn't like the West portrays it, that there is an 'organization' with a specific name (such as 'al-Qa'idah') and so on. That particular name is very old. It was born without any intention from us. Brother Abu Ubaida... created a military base to train the young men to fight against the vicious, arrogant, brutal, terrorizing Soviet empire... So this place was called 'The Base' ['Al-Qa'idah'], as in a training base, so this name grew and became. We aren't separated from this nation. We are the children of a nation, and we are an inseparable part of it, and from those public *** which spread from the far east, from the Philippines, to Indonesia, to Malaysia, to India, to Pakistan, reaching Mauritania... and so we discuss the conscience of this nation." Other scholars believe that leaving the group un-termed is nonsense and that there is a clear adversary. Al-Qaeda operates through unregulated banks in Pakistan. These banks are able to handle up to $10 million dollars at a time. It is estimated that it costs Al-Qaeda $30 million dollars a year to conduct its operations. Banks must be regulated and approved by the government whether state or international. These regulations subject banks to requirements, restrictions, and guidelines. It creates transparency between banking institutions and the individuals and corporations with whom they conduct business with. Because Al-Qaeda obtains money through unregulated banks they are breaking international law. Also through the 1999...
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