The Ripple Effect of Terror

Topics: Al-Qaeda, September 11 attacks, Osama bin Laden Pages: 7 (2231 words) Published: January 30, 2014
The Ripple Effect of Terror 1

The Ripple Effect of Terror

The Ripple Effect of Terror 2

Everyone in America knows where they were when they heard the news. People ran up to complete strangers; “Have you heard about New York?” they would ask. It was 8:46 am Eastern Standard Time and American Airlines flight 11 had just crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center at 490 miles per hour. News agencies began reporting about a terrible accident in New York City and emergency services, police, and fire fighters converged on the scene. At 9:02 am United Airlines Flight 175 impacted the south side of the South Tower at over 500 miles per hour and it was then that we realized; America was under attack.

The Ripple Effect of Terror 3 The Ripple Effect of Terror
The Terrorist attacks that took place on September 11, 2001 were the deadliest in United States History. This cowardly attack changed the course of history for the United States as well as the rest of the world. The aftershock of this tragedy rippled out from New York City, Washington DC, and a remote field in Pennsylvania to places on the other side of the world, in countries like Afghanistan, and Pakistan. September 11th 2001 began just like any other day but no one could imagine the horrific nightmare that would unfold that morning.

The people that planned and carried out the attack were Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and other Arab nations. Their operation was financed by Saudi fugitive Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda terrorist organization. They were acting in retaliation for America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War and its continued military presence in the Middle East. Some of these terrorists were in the United States for more than a year. In that time they were taking flying lessons and tediously coordinating and planning the operation.

Al Qaeda (Arabic for “The Base”) was established around 1988 by bin Laden. Al-Qaeda helped finance, recruit, transport, arm, and train thousands of fighters from dozens of Arab nations to take part in the Afghan resistance to oust the Soviet Union from their land. The ironic part is that the United States helped arm Al-Qaeda due to the fact that The Soviet Union was our Cold War nemesis. Al-Qaida wants to move the holy war beyond the borders of Afghanistan. Al-Qaeda's current goal is to establish a pan-Islamic state across the Middle East and throughout the world by working with other Islamic terrorist organizations. Their end The Ripple Effect of Terror 4 game is to cast out all Westerners and non-Muslims from Muslim countries by any means necessary. (Edward F. Mickolus with Susan L. Simmons 2002) In February 1998, al-Qaeda issued a statement or “Fatwa” under the banner of "The World Islamic Front for Jihad" mandating to all Muslims that it is their duty to kill U.S. citizens and our allies no matter where they are in the world. (Law, Randall D. 2009) American Airlines flight 11 had 81 passengers and 11 crew members when it hit the North Tower of the World Trade Center. United Airlines flight 175 was the second aircraft to be used in the attack. It struck the South Tower with 60 passengers on board about 28 minutes after flight 11 hit. The explosions from the planes hitting the towers at roughly 500 miles per hour and the full tanks of jet fuel that they carried caused massive explosions that rained debris down over a six block radius. People were frantic and chaos took over. Emergency personnel scrambled to start the evacuation process...

References: Law, Randall D. (2009). Terrorism, a History 9/11, The War on Terror, and Recent Trends in
Terrorism, 330-342.
Edward F. Mickolus with Susan L. Simmons (2002) Terrorism Volume Two 1996-2001 A
Chronology 299-307
Kushner, Harvey W. (2003) Encyclopedia of Terrorism 20-24
The 9/11 Commission Report (2004) 1.1, Pages 1-14; 2.1, Pages 45-60; 9.2 Pages 281-281
9/11 Time Line of Events (1996-2013) pulled from
The United States Army in Afghanistan, OEF (October 2001-March 2002) pulled from
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