Outcome 1 Understand the legislative framework for the use of medication in social care settings The learner can:
1. identify legislation that governs the use of medication in social care settings The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (and later amendments)
The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 (and later amendments) The Health and Safety at Work Act (1974), COSHH
The Mental Capacity Act (2005)
The Access to health records Act (1990),
The Data Protection Act (1998) plus equality legislation.
2. outline the legal classification system for medication
The classification of medicines are all related to the medicines act 1968, while working with medication it is good to have an understanding and working knowledge of the common types of medication. Controlled drugs (cds) are prescription only medications. Pharmacy only (po) these madications can only be purched from a pharmacy. General sales list ( gsl) these medicines can be purchased from any shop. 3. explain how and why policies and procedures or agreed ways of working must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements. Policies and procedures must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements as the policies and procedures are set out through legislation in the first place. Policies and procedures which are put in place are to ensure that legislation is being followed so that all people in the care setting are safe and that all needs are being met up to standard and within the law. Policies and procedures must reflect on legislation to ensure they are carrying out tasks such as administrating medication in the correct manner. For example if a medication procedure was put in place and it was not in line with legislation then this could cause the care company or organisation to be punished by the law as it may well cause harm to a customer or member of the public. Outcome 2 Know about common types of medication and their use The learner can:
1. identify common types of medication
Common types of medication go as follows: Capsules, Tablets, Powders, Drops, Liquids, Inhalants and Skin preparations. Other Types of common medications are Analgesics, Antacids, Anti anxiety Drugs, Anti – bacterial, Anticoagulants and Anti depressants. 2. list conditions for which each type of medication may be prescribe general health medication is prescribed by doctor
anti-phycotic medication is issued by phyciatrist
general sale’s medication can be obtained over the counter in most shoping outlets 3. describe changes to an individual’s physical or mental well-being that may indicate an adverse reaction to a medication. Two of the most common side effects that people experienced were weight gain and sedation. Weight gain is particularly associated with the use of newer antipsychotics known as atypical antipsychotics. A few people we spoke to experienced sudden and dramatic side effects, or allergic reactions, that felt unfamiliar and frightening.
Outcome 3 Understand roles and responsibilities in the use of medication in social care settings The learner can:
1. describe the roles and responsibilities of those involved in prescribing, dispensing and supporting use of medication
The prescriber must be trained appropriately (may be a GP or nurse prescriber for example) and update themselves as required by any professional body that they might belong to - prescriptions should be written clearly, ensuring the patient understands any side effects and the reasons for the prescription be given to them and how long they should take it for. Medication should only be prescribed after careful consideration of the patient's best interests - cost, unfortunately (but realistically) may also be a factor to consider. The prescriber should have access to the most up to date version of the British National Formulary (BNF) which is the prescriber's 'bible' (there is a version for prescribing for children and an on line version).The person dispensing must also be...
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