Unit 4222

Topics: Pharmacology, Adverse drug reaction, Prescription drug Pages: 6 (2174 words) Published: January 14, 2015
Unit 4222-616 Administer medication to individuals and monitor the effects Outcome 1 Understand legislation, policy and procedures relevant to administration of medication 1. Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication: The Medicines Acts 1968 and various amendments cover the legal management of medication. While care staffs are not expected to have detailed knowledge of the legislation, they do need to be aware of the legal difference between types of drugs and the legal framework that allows them to handle medicines on behalf of the service user. The following is a list of legislation that has a direct impact upon the handling of medication within a social care setting. Health and Safety at Work Act, COSHH, the Medicines Act, the Misuse of Drugs Act, the Health and Social Care Act (Regulated Activities) and the Essential Standards, the RPS Handling Medicines in Social Care Guidelines, Health Act 2006 etc. The Medicines Act 1968

The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971
The Misuse of Drugs (Safe Custody) Regulations 1973 SI 1973 No 798 as amended by Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001 * The NHS Scotland Pharmaceutical Service (Regulations) 1995 * The Social Work Act 1968 as amended by The Regulation of Care Act 2001 * The Children Act 1989 The Data Protection Act 1998

The Care Standards Act 2000
The Regulation of Care Act 2001
The Health and Social Care Act 2001
Adults with Incapacity Act 2000 9 © Social Care Association * the Health Act 200 Health and Safety at Work Act (1974)
The Control of Substances Hazardous to health Regulations (1999-COSHH) * Hazardous Waste Regulations (2005) Mental Capacity Act (2005)
The Access to health records Act (1990)

Outcome 2 Know about common types of medication and their use: 1. Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects. Paracetamol = are rare but can include Erythematous or urticarial rashes, fever, nausea and Mucosal lesions. Even more rarely, they can include Neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and pancytopenia.

Metformin= A medicine is only made available to the public if the clinical trials have shown that the benefits of taking the medicine outweigh the risks. Once a medicine has been licensed, information on the medicine's effects, both intended and unintended, is continuously recorded and updated. Some side-effects may be serious while others may only be a mild inconvenience. Everyone's reaction to a medicine is different. It is difficult to predict which side-effects you will have from taking a particular medicine, or whether you will have any side-effects at all. The important thing is to tell your prescriber or pharmacist if you are having problems with your medicine. Very common: More than 1 in 10 people who take Metformin hydrochloride gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain or loss of appetite - these problems may be prevented by taking Metformin hydrochloride during or after a meal Common: More than 1 in 100 people who take Metformin hydrochloride taste changes

Very rare: less than 1 in 10,000 people who take Metformin hydrochloride abnormal laboratory test results
lactic acidosis which may lead to coma - seek immediate medical advice if you develop symptoms such as breathing difficulties, muscle cramps, stomach pain, weakness or hypothermia liver problems
skin problems such as erythema, itching or urticarial
vitamin B12 levels reduced when Metformin hydrochloride is taken for a long time Ferrous sulphate = possible side effects are allergic reaction e.g. itchy skin rash, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat, or difficulty breathing or swallowing, constipation occasionally causing faecal impaction, diarrhoea, stomach pain, feeling sick and blackened stools. Aspirin = possible side effects are black, bloody, or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds, severe nausea, vomiting, or stomach...
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