UNIT CODE: F/601/4056
1.1 Identify legislation that governs the use of medication in social care settings There are different legislations that govern the use of medication within social care settings: THE MEDICINES ACT 1968
THE MISUSE OF DRUGS ACT 1971
THE SAFER MANAGEMENT OF CONTROLLED DRUGS 2006
THE DATA PROTECTION ACT 1998
HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK ACT 1974
THE CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH REGULATIONS (COSHH) HAZARDOUS WASTE REGULATIONS 2005
MENTAL CAPACITY ACT 2005
THE ACCESS TO HEALTH RECORDS ACT 1990
1.2 Outline the legal classification system for medication
The classification of medicines are all related to the Medicines Act 1968, while working with Medication it is good to have an understanding and working knowledge of the common types of medication by training that should be provided by my company.
1.3 Explain how and why policies and procedures or agreed ways of working must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements
The policies and procedures are put in place to make sure that legislation is being followed so that all people in the setting, are being cared for are safe, this includes staff and service users. Also that their needs are being met, inclusive practise and diversity is being followed out and that the setting is staying within the law. They must reflect on legislation so that the policies and procedures are correct and are the correct way of doing things. For example if a health and safety procedure was put in place and was not in-line with legislation then this could cause the setting to get in trouble with the law and could cause harm to the person who was in need of health and safety requirements could become harmed.
2.1 Identify common types of medication
Analgesics e.g. paracetamol
Antibiotics e.g. amoxicillin
Antidepressants e.g. cipramil
Anticoagulants e.g. warfarin
2.2 list conditions for which each type of medication may be prescribed
Analgesics are used to relieve pain such as headaches
Antibiotics are used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Antidepressants work by changing the chemical balance in the brain and that can in turn change the psychological state of the mind such as for depression. Anticoagulants are used to prevent blood clotting
2.3Describe changes to an individual’s physical or mental wellbeing that may indicate an adverse reaction to a medication
Unexpected adverse reactions can happen for any drug potentially that an individual is taking. For example one individual I work with has an adverse reaction to penicillin, anaphylactic shock; the signs of this are the swelling of for example the lips or face, a skin rash and the individual may also have breathing difficulties. This is why it is important that all information about an individual is recorded in full in their care plan and MAR sheet. Other severe adverse reactions could include a fever and skin blistering; if adverse reactions are not treated they could fatal. These usually occur within an hour of the medications being administered. Sometimes adverse reactions can develop a few weeks after and may cause damage to the kidneys or liver. With antidepressants the individual might start feeling some dizziness or drowsiness, increased appetite, nausea, restlessness, shaking or trembling, and difficulty sleeping. Other side effects include: dry mouth, constipation, and sweating. Anticoagulants can be very risky as they increase the time that it takes for clots to form and if that is too much time there can be excessive bleeding; the individual may present blood in the urine or faeces, severe bruising, difficulty breathing, chest pain, back pain, unusual headaches.
When individuals experience adverse reactions to medicines my workplace policy is to inform the Manager immediately; then I will inform the individuals GP and pharmacist and seek advice, unless the reactions are so serious that an ambulance will be called – the...
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