What Impact has Conflict had on Afghanistan’s Development? By: Danielle Dominic
In 2001, a war broke out in Afghanistan. Since 1996, the Taliban had controlled most of the country. During this period, the Taliban allowed a group called al-Qaeda, a terrorist group, to have training camps in Afghanistan. In the 9/11 attacks in USA, nearly 3,000 people were killed. The leader of al-Qaeda was a man called Osama Bin Laden. The USA believed he was the man behind these attacks. The Taliban refused to hand over Osama Bin Laden so the USA used their American Forces. The British as well the Northern Alliance, an Afghan fighter group, also helped the USA. So, in October 2001, the USA began to bomb Afghanistan, targeting at bih Laden and the Taliban. In November 2001, the Northern Alliance took control of the capital of Afghanistan, Kabul. In 2011, Osama bin Laden was eventually found by American soldiers in Pakistan, where he was shot and killed.
Many people would believe that conflict in a county would be bad for the development. This is true because bombing would destroy many buildings and schools and hence decrease the literacy rate and it would destroy the land. However, in my opinion conflict has had a better impact on the development of Afghanistan. Firstly, the Afghans believe they are better off now than they were before the war broke out. In fact, about 60% of the population said they are more prosperous in 2009 than in 2000. This is because many countries, especially the UK, have donated lots of money to help the country develop. Many individuals have used the loans to start up new businesses for them so they can rebuild their life. Also, in 2006, 42% of the population had no access to electricity but this percentage had dropped to 33% in 2009. This was because the UK has donated around £32 million towards local projects to improve water supply, roads, health and education in Afghanistan. The UK has also spent a great deal of money on building 59km of roads...
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