Thought paper 2
Tittle: impact of zia’s islamization policies on society.
Essence of Zia period was islamization which brought drastic changes in the life of women, religious disparity , sectarianism, upcoming of terrorism parties with the mask of jihadi, refugee problem and increase use of drugs as showed in the film khamosh pani and articles. Zia president of Pakistan from august 1978-august 1988 was a dictator for initial period of his tenure. He came after Zulifiqar Bhutto: considered as liberal politician. Ziaulhaq’s ideology was different to one who preceded him. First thing Zia did was changing laws in coherence of sharia the Islamic law. According to Zia:
‘Pakistan is like Israel, an ideological state. Take out Judaism from Israel and it will collapse like a house of cards. Take Islam out of Pakistan and make it a secular, it would collapse’. (Tariq Ali 2002:156) This statement of Zia shows how important was religion to him. He passed several ordinances in same context and linked his every activity with it.as he used it his basic tool for governance. He imposed zakat and ushr act 1980 which made obligation on everyone coming into sahib e nisab bracket to put 10% of their income in the banks so zakat could be taken out of their incomes and brought many people to tax bracket. This act widened the gap between shiahs and Sunnis as this act was incoherence with Sunni law of tax not shiahs.it brought the divisions among them and Shiah party came forward and protested for their manifesto with backing of Iran government. Establishment of federal sharia court was another step in his islamisation policy in which anyone could challenge any law and prove it according to Islamic teachings which brought many changes in laws. But on the darker aspect many groups started using it for their interests, as Zia Islam was more inclined towards Sunni Islam so shiah had issues on the laws which both sect differ upon on their implementations but...
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